Donor Developing Country Dialogues on National Strategies for Sustainable
Further Project Details
The goal of
the project is to encourage the implementation of nssds in all countries
by 2005, so as to ensure that current trends in the loss of environmental
resources are effectively reversed at both global and national levels
(UNCED, 1992) called for the preparation of national strategies
for sustainable development - nssds. The OECD DAC
in its “Shaping the 21st Century” document (1996), set a target
of 2005 for nssds to be in the process of implementation. In 1997,
the UN General Assembly Special Session set a target date of 2002
for all countries to have introduced such strategies. Shaping the
21st Century commits DAC members to support developing countries
in the formulation and implementation of nssds through a partnership
In the past,
many strategic planning initiatives have had limited practical impact
because they have focused on the production of a document as an
end-product, and such documents have often been left without implementation.
Instead, the focus of an nssd should be on improving the integration
of social and environmental objectives into key economic development
uses the following definition of an nssd: ‘a strategic and
participatory process of analysis, debate, capacity strengthening,
planning and action towards sustainable development’ - in
line with the clarification note endorsed by the DAC High Level
Meeting in May 1999 (DCD/DAC (99)11).
project is not promoting an nssd as a completely new planning process
to be conducted from the beginning. Rather, it is recognised that
in an individual country there will be a range of initiatives that
may have been taken in response to commitments entered into at the
Rio Earth Summit (UNCED) or as part of commitments to international
treaties and conventions and that these may be regarded in that
country, individually or collectively, as the nssd. But the challenge
is: to gain clarification on what initiative(s) make up the nssd;
and then to identify what improvements need to be made to these
initiatives – or developed between them such as umbrella frameworks,
systems for participation and national sustainable development forums
– so that they meet the definition of an nssd.
The DAC Working
Party on Development Cooperation and the Environment (WP/ENV) has
mandated a Task Force, co-led by the United Kingdom and the European
Commission, to produce guidance on best practice for assisting developing
countries with the formulation and implementation of nssd processes.
A scoping workshop in November 1998 brought together Task Force
and developing country representatives to discuss the broad directions
for this work. The workshop recommended a systematic in-country
consultation with developing country partners in order to elaborate
good practice for donors.
1999 meeting of the DAC WP/ENV endorsed the recommendation for informal
consultations, or ‘dialogues’, in a number of developing countries
and regions, involving donors and a range of stakeholders. The dialogues
will review experience with nssds and examine how donors can best
assist developing countries in such processes. As well as contributing
to the production of generic guidance for donors, the country/regional
dialogues aim to make a concrete contribution to nssd processes
and donor coordination in the participating countries.
international understanding of the key challenges and modalities
for developing and implementing effective nssds.
good practices for donors in assisting developing countries
with the formulation and implementation of nssds.
the current bilateral donor response to developing country requests
for support of nssd processes.
Five at a country level (in Bolivia, Tanzania, Nepal, Burkina
Faso, and Thailand) and one at regional level. Each of the dialogues
will be implemented by a local country or regional team. The
dialogues will involve a status review of strategic planning
processes for sustainable development followed by the dialogues
themselves involving stakeholder consultations, workshops and
to parallel strategy learning processes: The project
will also collaborate with and provide limited additional funding
to learn from and build on existing reflective and analytical
work on strategic planning supported by DAC members/observers
in Ghana, Namibia Bangladesh and Pakistan.
workshops: There will be 3 workshops: an initial planning
workshop, a mid-term review workshop, and a final workshop.
These will be attended by representatives of the selected countries/region,
donors, lead organisations and resource persons on nssds.
and dissemination of outputs: An issues paper on nssds,
a status report and dialogue report for each country/region
involved, and an overall synthesis report will be published
through IIED. A sourcebook (bringing together the main issues
and lessons from these reports) and guidelines for donors will
be published by the OECD DAC Secretariat.
coordination and technical support for the six dialogues:
The Task Force has engaged IIED to facilitate and coordinate
at the international level the implementation of the six dialogues
and drawing lessons from two parallel strategy learning processes.
This will involve assistance for planning the approach, tracking
progress, reviewing and editing mid-term and final reports,
drawing out generic and country specific lessons, developing
an initial draft of DAC policy guidance and a draft sourcebook,
and the provision of networking, liaison and administrative
support. IIED will also be responsible for convening 3 workshops.
1999 - February 2000). Preparation: identification of lead teams
(5 in-country and 1 regional); securing commitment of government
and key stakeholders in country/region for dialogues; establishing
Steering Committees in countries/regions; preparation of an issues
paper (by IIED) highlighting key nssd challenges; establishment
of a document collection on strategic planning; convening an initial
planning workshop, developing ToRs for the lead institutions and
identifying in-country/regional steering committees.
(March - April 2000). Status reviews: will be conducted by the lead
teams using a topic guide (to prompt discussion) developed by the
DAC WP/ENV Task Force. IIED will provide support for planning the
approach for the status reviews; reviewing and editing status reports;
and information sharing on emerging nature of dialogues.
Phase 3 (May
- October 2000). Dialogues: This phase will commence with a mid-term
review workshop to consider the status reports and to plan and agree
the nature of the dialogues. On the basis of the lessons arising
from Phase 2, the final outputs of the initiative and mechanisms
for their production and dissemination will be further defined at
this stage. A progress report will be prepared and fed into the
June 2000 meeting of the DAC WP/ENV.
will be organised by the lead teams, and will based mainly on stakeholder
consultations, and a 2/3-day round table attended by a wide range
of stakeholders and donors, possibly with feeder events.
(November 2000 - February 2001). Drafting of Guidance: involving
synthesis by IIED, in consultation with lead teams, of individual
dialogue final reports to prepare an overview report drawing out
common themes and lessons. A final workshop will review the results
and develop an initial draft of policy guidance and consider the
possible contents and format of a sourcebook.
the project will develop and publish:
- An issues
paper on nssds challenges,
- 6 status
reports on strategic planning processes,
- 6 dialogue
- A synthesis
report drawing out common lessons.
DAC, it will develop and publish policy guidance and a sourcebook.
on round-tabling procedures,
- Reports of
the initial planning, mid-term and final workshops,
- A reference
collection of nssd literature,
of existing nssd processes,
- The establishment
(where possible) of partnerships between donors and developing
countries for developing and implementing nssds.