Expectations? Green Planning in Industrial Countries
(1996) Great Expectations? Green Planning in Industrial Countries. Environmental
Planning Issues EPI 10. IIED Environmental Planning Group. 33pp.
last few years, many developed countries have attempted national planning
exercises which take account of environmental objectives (this has become
known as green planning), and have also responded to Agenda 21 by developing
their own national sustainable development strategies.
presents an overview of a recent study of 20 green planning initiatives in
12 industrialised countries: Canada, Denmark, France, Latvia, The Netherlands,
New Zealand, Norway, Poland, Sweden, the UK and the USA; and also in the European
Union (Dalal-Clayton, 1996, forthcoming).
are government sponsored initiatives, but two were conducted by non-governmental
organisations. They include activities which preceded the 1992 UN Conference
on Environment and Development (UNCED) and others which were undertaken in
response to UNCED, particularly Agenda 21. The initiatives include a wide
range of different approaches (environmental plans, strategies, legislative
instruments, reports to parliaments, sustainable development commissions,
considers the origin and scope of green planning, the challenges of sustainable
development strategies, key characteristics of green planning approaches,
management processes and approaches, participation in green planning, links
between green planning and other planning processes and political influences.
It also compares green planning and sustainable development strategy processes
in developed and developing countries.