Small Island States and Sustainable Development:
Strategic Issues and Experience
and Dalal-Clayton D.B. (1995): Small Island States and Sustainable Development:
Strategic Issues and Experience, Environmental Planning Issues No.8, International
Institute for Environment and Development, London.
the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED) met to
consider the interlinked problems of environment and development, and to propose
principles and means by which nations and the international community could
pursue development paths that were more sustainable. Agenda 21, the action plan
of UNCED, stressed the importance of developing National Sustainable Development
Strategies (NSDSs) as a mechanism for arriving at concrete policies and actions
that help countries move towards sustainable development, and which help them
to meet the commitments and principles agreed at UNCED. In 1994 the UN Global
Conference on the Sustainable Development of Small Island Developing States
was held in Barbados and set out a programme of action for small islands to
implement Agenda 21.
focuses on the ecological, economic and social factors which typify small island
states, and lead to their vulnerabilities. The opportunities for, and difficulties
in developing, national strategies for sustainable development are then considered.
Illustrations are brought through case studies of recent island strategies in
Mauritius, the Seychelles, the Caribbean, St Helena and the Solomon Islands.