Getting to Grips with Green Plans:
National-Level Experience in Industrial Countries
D.B. (1996): Getting to Grips with Green Plans: National-Level Experience
in Industrial Countries. Earthscan Publications, London.
One of the
more significant recommendations to emerge from UNCED in 1992 was the call
in Agenda 21 for countries to develop and implement national strategies for
sustainable development. Most countries have responded to this challenge.
However many countries also have a long history of drawing up planning exercises
at this level to deal with environmental problems. ‘Green Planning’ is now
used as a shorthand term for a range of such national-level planning initiatives
covering both sustainable development and environmental concerns.
reviews and compares 20 recent green planning initiatives in twelve industrialised
countries: Australia, Canada, Denmark, France, Latvia, The Netherlands, New
Zealand, Norway, Poland, Sweden, the UK and the USA, together with regional
initiatives in Eastern and Western Europe. The majority are government sponsored
initiatives, but two were conducted by non-governmental organisations, and
one was a programme of the European Union.
is presented in two parts. Part 1 provides an overview of national green planning,
reviewing its origins and scope, identifying popular approaches and processes,
highlighting important issues such as participation, the influence of domestic
politics, and the track record of more ambitious regional plans, and comparing
approaches in developed and developing countries. Part 2 presents case studies
of the green planning initiatives in Western and Eastern European countries,
the US and Canada, and Australia and New Zealand.