National Sustainable Development Strategies:
Experience and Dilemmas
D.B., Bass S.M.J. Sadler B., Thomson K., Sandbrook R., Robins N. and Hughes
R. (1994): National Sustainable Development Strategies: Experience and Dilemmas.
Environmental Planning Issues No.6, International Institute for Environment
and Development, London.
strategies for sustainable development (nssds) are focal points for integrating
environment and development in decision-making, and for defining and implementing
sustainable development priorities. Their importance and value run as a strong
theme throughout Agenda 21. A major challenge for nssds is to translate the
words and commitments of the UN Conference on Environment and Development
into concrete policies and actions that help individual nations embark on
paths towards sustainable development, and to stay on course.
discusses the evolution of the nssd concept and provides examples of various
national strategy processes that have been undertaken. The main elements of
a strategy process are identified and past experience with national strategies
discussed. The limitations of an nssd and a range of other dilemmas arising
through factors including the political context, what the main objective of
the strategy is and the limits of consultation and participation are also
examined. A number of principles are identified which may be of use to countries
or organisations developing an nssd.