that Works for Forests and People
and Bass, S. (1999): Overview Report: Policy that Works for Forests and People.
Policy that works no. 7: Series Overview. International Institute for
Environment and Development, London.
include: Forest problems - is policy really to blame? Understanding policy
in practice; Lessons learned from country studies in Pakistan, Papua New Guinea,
India, Ghana, Zimbabwe and Costa Rica; key policy developments in Portugal,
Scotland, China, Australia, Scandinavia, West Africa; Corporate influences
on policy for forests; Certification and buyers groups; Global change and
international games; Factors that affect forest decision-making and policy
outcomes; Policy processes that work; Policy instruments that work: What can
We are used to being told that forests are good for us all. Certainly, the
range of benefits that can be derived from forests and trees are legion. But
there are costs too, and no-one thrives on forest goods and services alone.
Forests must also be transformed, in some places, to make way for farming
and settlement to meet other needs. In theory, policy should be able to ensure
some kind of balance so that forests are conserved, developed – and cleared
– in the most suitable places.
1: Doing policy work
The aim of this Annex is to offer some guidance on approaches and methods
for engaging with policy. Here, ‘engaging’ implies the messy business of ‘locking
horns’, rather than the anticipation of a happy marriage. The Annex introduces
policy research literature, explores the theory behind policy and marks out
how to develop a strategy. The later sections deal with methods of analysing
policy, tactics in influencing policy and lastly, how to track the impact
of policy work.