compilation of selected links to web sites
containing information relevant to
national strategies for sustainable development
of links to sites with information on sustainable development, international
agreements, and other information relevant to national strategies for sustainable
Internet sites that include information on sustainability in general are listed
provides summary information and contact details (including websites wherever
possible) for institutions, organisations, agencies and networks known to be
actively involved in the field of National Sustainable Development Strategies:
- Providing information;
- Providing advisory
and technical support services, training materials and courses;
- Organising workshops
and conferences; and
- Undertaking research
It is not a
source of contacts concerned with the much wider field of 'sustainable development'
- any internet search for 'sustainable development' will reveal literally thousands
of websites concerned with this issue.
and regional NGOs
Council is an international NGO created in 1992 to promote and advance the
operationalization of sustainable development, particularly the implementation
of the Earth Summit agreements. It works primarily, but not exclusively, with
developing countries in Africa, Asia-Pacific, Central and Eastern Europe and
Former Soviet Union, Latin America and Caribbean. Three objectives guide the
work of the Council:
- To promote awareness
for the needed transition to more sustainable and equitable patterns of
- To encourage public
participation in decision-making processes at all levels of government;
- To build bridges of
understanding and cooperation between important actors of civil society
and governments worldwide.
The Earth Council
has four main programs:
Since of the
creation of first NCSD in the Philippines in September 1992, the Earth Council
has supported their establishment and strengthening, especially in developing
countries. The NCSD programme catalyses dialogue amongst stakeholders in developing
regions towards the creation of NCSDs, facilitates capacity-building and training,
and enables closer linkages between NCSDs and key international agencies engaged
in sustainable development, including UN programmes and key NGOs. A major focus
of the programme's current activities is to facilitate and strengthen the active
and informed collaboration of civil society groups and NGOs on a more equal
basis with government and the private sector to develop, implement and monitor
integrated policies, plans and projects for sustainable development.
The NCSD Knowledge
Network (www.ncsdnetwork.org/knowledge) is a regularly updated website managed
by the Earth Council to promote learning and knowledge exchange amongst NCSDs,
and includes assessments and reports prepared by NCSDs, and resources for them.
The NCSD programme
has promoted development of national sustainable development strategies by NCSDs,
using a multi-stakeholder and integrative approach to sustainability planning.
In particular, the programme has focused on developing a methodology to integrated
global environmental conventions into local and national sustainable development
strategies. The programme has also mobilized and facilitated assessments of
progress in implementing NSDSs.
Council for Local Environmental Initiatives (ICLEI) - Local Agenda 21
Council for Local Environmental Initiatives (ICLEI) is the international environmental
agency for local governments. Its mission is to build and serve a worldwide
movement of local governments to achieve tangible improvements in global environmental
and sustainable development conditions through cumulative local actions. Building
a worldwide movement requires that ICLEI functions as a democratic, international
association of local governments. Serving a worldwide movement requires that
ICLEI operates as an international environmental agency for local governments.
More than 350
cities, towns, counties, and their associations worldwide comprise ICLEI's membership.
They and hundreds of other local governments are engaged in ICLEI's international
campaigns and regional projects. Through its campaigns, ICLEI helps local government
generate political awareness of key issues, build capacity through technical
assistance and training, and evaluate local and cumulative progress toward sustainable
as an information clearinghouse on sustainable development by providing policy
guidance, training and technical assistance, and consultancy services to increase
local governments' capacity to address global challenges.
ICLEI, a democratic
association of local governments, serves as an advocate for local government
before national and international bodies in order to increase understanding
and support for local environmental protection and sustainable development activities.
ICLEI maintains a formal association with the International Union of Local Authorities
(IULA) and has official consultative status with the UN, through which it advocates
the interests of local government before international bodies.
Development Research Centre (IDRC)
IDRC has regional
offices in Kenya, Singapore, Uruguay, Egypt, India, Senegal
Development Research Centre (IDRC) is a public corporation created by the Canadian
government to help communities in the developing world find solutions to social,
economic, and environmental problems through research. Its objectives are to:
- Assist scientists in
developing countries to identify sustainable long-term, practical solutions
to pressing development problems;
- Mobilize and strengthen
the research capacity of developing countries, particularly capacity for
policies and technologies that promote healthier and more prosperous societies,
food security, biodiversity, and access to information;
- Develop links among
developing-country researchers, and provide them access to the results of
research around the globe, in particular through developing and strengthening
the electronic networking capacity of institutions in developing countries
that receive IDRC funding:
- Ensure that the products
from the activities it supports are used by communities in the developing
world, and that existing research capacity is used effectively to solve
these objectives, IDRC funds the work of scientists working in universities,
private enterprise, government, and nonprofit organizations in developing countries
and provides some support to regional research networks and institutions in
the Third World. This support is designed to build a corps of researchers in
each country and to help develop the networks of people and institutions that
can undertake effective research and use the results of research to effect change.
research that is geared to alleviating poverty and promoting sustainable and
equitable development. It favours multidisciplinary, participatory research
where researchers from different disciplines work with local people to devise
solutions to local problems.
centers around Program Initiatives (PIs), each of which addresses a specific
set of research issues, such as those associated with urban agriculture or community-based
natural resource management. PIs are run as working networks that link Southern
and Northern researchers to set research agendas and share research results.
The PI team is responsible for funding individual research projects. Research
proposals submitted by Southern researchers and research institutions are reviewed
to see how closely they fit with the PIs' objectives and priorities.
IDRC also coordinates
multiple donors to work toward common development goals. Through secretariats
- research consortia of several donors - IDRC fosters cooperation among development
organizations to maximize impact, avoid duplication, and reduce costs.
cover three broad areas:
· Social and Economic Equity
· Targeting poverty and economic vulnerability;
· Environment and Natural Resource Management.
IDRC is a rich source of information and knowledge about development and the
research carried out by developing-world scientists. Its website (www.idrc.ca)
provides access to reference material and publications, a searchable online
library catalogue, information on activities funded by IDRC since its inception
in 1970, reports, an e-magazine providing popularized articles about IDRC's
research, and links to project researchers, the Nayudamma database provides
access to appropriate technologies developed with IDRC support, images and videos
(containing some 5,000 slides over 300 videos for loan or purchase), a list
of Internet sites relating to international development.
International Institute for Sustainable Development (IISD)
Institute for Sustainable Development (IISD) is a Canadian NGO which specializes
in sustainable development issues, advancing policy recommendations on international
trade and investment, economic policy, climate change, measurement and indicators,
and natural resource management to make development sustainable. By using Internet
communications, IISD covers and reports on international negotiations and brokers
knowledge gained through collaborative projects with global partners, resulting
in more rigorous research, capacity-building in developing countries and a better
dialogue between North and South.
the compendium of indicators, one of the world's best reference guides on indicators
of sustainable development. It is also the home of the Sustainable Development
Gateway which is an even larger library of useful sustainable development reference
the Linkages website (www.issd.ca), described as a Multimedia Resource for Environment
& Development Policy Makers. The Linkages site includes downloadable/listserv
version of Earth Negotiations Bulletin and Linkages. This focuses on international
negotiation processes and also has links to sector specific organisations.
A UK-based organization
that works for a just and sustainable economy. Its main areas of work cover:
participative democracy; local economic renewal; reshaping the global economy;
NEF has been developing, using and promoting indicators that measure the things
that really count - like social connections, justice, participation and environmental
sustainability. NEF, together with Friends of the Earth and the Centre for Environmental
Strategy (University of Surrey) has developed the Index for Sustainable Economic
Welfare for the UK to counter that shows that growth in the economy and sustainability
are not the same.
NEF has helped
design sustainability indicators and indicator processes. This work has spanned
UN, EC and national government level, as well as initiatives regionally and
locally and with many voluntary and business organisations.
Development Institute (ODI)
ODI is a UK-based
independent think-tank on international development and humanitarian issues.
Its mission is to inspire and inform policy and practice which lead to the reduction
of poverty, the alleviation of suffering and the achievement of sustainable
livelihoods in developing countries. It does this by locking together high-quality
applied research, practical policy advice, and policy-focused dissemination
and debate. ODI works with partners in the public and private sectors, in both
developing and developed countries
centres on five research and policy programmes:
· Poverty and Public Policy Group which includes the Centre for Aid and
· International Economic Development Group;
· Humanitarian Policy Group;
· Rural Policy and Environment Group;
· Forest Policy and Environment Group.
three international networks linking researchers, policy-makers and practitioners:
· Tthe Agricultural Research and Extension Network;
· The Rural Development Forestry Network;
· The Humanitarian Practice (formerly Relief and Rehabilitation) Network.
it hosts the Secretariat of the Active Learning Network on Accountability and
Performance in Humanitarian Assistance
The ODI Fellowship
Scheme places up to twenty young economists a year on attachment to the governments
of developing countries. There are currently 40 Fellows working in 17 countries
in Africa, the Caribbean and the Pacific
research support and advice to Parliamentary Select Committees, MPs and Peers.
Since 1984 the Institute has provided research and administrative support to
the All Party Parliamentary Group on Overseas Development. The Group's recent
activities have covered aid, debt, Southern Africa, EU development policy and
the workings of the UN/Bretton Woods system in development.
in 1971 as a membership organisation for private and voluntary organisations
(PVOs) and NGOs. In 1992, PACT revised its bylaws, dissolved its membership,
and established itself as an independent international non-profit corporation.
It is registered in Washington D.C. with 18 field offices in Asia, Africa and
Pact is a leading
facilitator of leadership and organisational development in both nascent and
established NGOs, networks and intermediary organisations around the world,
providing training, technical assistance, mentoring and direct financial support.
Its programmes help NGOs to undertake innovative, locally-defined development
approaches, through teamwork, participation and partnership. Pact's work focuses
on forging networks, coalitions and strategic alliances; organisational capacity
assessment; corporate-community engagement; and information and knowledge networking.
The latter involves providing technical assistance and training on:
· Visioning and valuation - facilitating the development of organisation-wide
commitment to enhanced communications;
· Participatory assessment and monitoring of information and communications
management capabilities, needs and opportunities;
· Information and communications mapping to plot information resources
· Communications planning to construct innovative and appropriate organisational
· Fostering internal and external networking; and
· Training of information brokers and organisational network coordinators.
Pact also provides USAID-funded subgrants and markets services for their management
and for financial operations.
Stakeholder Forum for Our Common Future
Forum operates both in the UK (as UNED-UK) and internationally. UNED
UK (United Nations Environment and Development UK Committee) is the successor
to the United Nations Environment Programme UK, first established as UNEP's
National Committee in 1987. It coordinated the official consultation process
for the Rio Earth Summit in the UK for the non-government side. UNED UK is now
concerned with promoting global environmental protection and sustainable development,
particularly through support of UNEP, UNDP, UNCSD and other relevant UN institutions
· Disseminating information
· Organising UN events in the UK;
· Arranging visits from representatives from UNDP, UNEP and UNCSD
· Helping to mobilise the UK political process, particularly through
national and local government, the voluntary sector and the commercial and industrial
sector, in order to promote sustainable development in the work of the UN institutions
boith nationally and internationally;
· Facilitating input from the membership of UNED-UK to the policy-making
processes of UNEP, UNDP, UNCSD and other inter-governmental institutions;
· Contributing to the preparation and implementation of a national strategy
for Agenda 21 and to support the work of UNCSD including its reviews of national
· Encouraging other activities that result in a multi-sectoral approach
to the promotion of environmental protection and sustainable development.
work is focusing on the preparations for the WSSD. It maintains the Earth Summit
2002 website (www.earthsummit2002.org)
which provides background information on the World Summit for Sustainable Development
(August-September 2002) including news on key sustainable development issues,
updates about the preparatory process, briefing papers and access to a monthly
newsletter. A link is provided to the Forum's Multio-Stakeholder Process (MSP)
Environment Institute (SEI)
Environment Institute (SEI) has its headquarters in Stockholm, Sweden, with
research centres in Estonia, the United Kingdom, and the United States, and
an office in Bangkok.
SEI was established
in 1989 following an initiative by the Swedish Government to develop an international
environment/development research organisation. It is an independent, international
research institute specializing in sustainable development and environment issues.
It works at local, national, regional and global policy levels. The SEI research
programmes aim to clarify the requirements, strategies and policies for a transition
to sustainability. These goals are linked to the principles advocated in Agenda
21 and the Conventions such as Climate Change, Ozone Layer Protection and Biological
Diversity. SEI along with its predecessor, the Beijer Institute, has been engaged
in major environment and development issues for a quarter of a century. It seeks
to be a leader in the creation of a new field of sustainability science aimed
at understanding the fundamental character of interaction between nature and
society, and to contribute to the capacities of different societies to build
transitions to more sustainable futures.
activities fall under five main programme areas: atmospheric environment; climate
and energy resources; sustainable development studies; water resources; and
risk and vulnerability. These are carried out by a worldwide network of approximately
of institute research and think-tank activities also have distinguishing features.
SEI purposely selects major issues that act as impediments to creating more
sustainable societies so that scientific progress has potential for shaping
important human interventions and processes of change. The SEI approach is typically
highly collaborative and participatory, involving partners in the regions and
places of research so that local knowledge and values are mobilized and explicitly
considered. Projects are designed to incorporate the building of regional capacities
and the strengthening of institutions so that the long-term capabilities of
SEI's collaborators are enhanced as part of the process. Running through SEI
programmes and efforts is an uncompromising commitment to high ethical standards
for the conduct of research and the provision of policy advice.
IUCN was founded
in 1948 and brings together 78 states, 112 government agencies, 735 NGOs, 35
affiliates, and some 10,000 scientists and experts from 181 countries in a unique
worldwide partnership. Its mission is to influence, encourage and assist societies
throughout the world to conserve the integrity and diversity of nature and to
ensure that any use of natural resources is equitable and ecologically sustainable.
Within the framework of global conventions IUCN has helped over 75 countries
to prepare and implement national conservation and biodiversity strategies.
IUCN has approximately 1000 staff, most of whom are located in its 42 regional
and country offices while 100 work at its Headquarters in Gland, Switzerland.
for Sustainability Programme (SSP)
With Regional Networks of Strategy Practitioners, the IUCN's Strategies for
Sustainability Programme (SSP) aims to:
- Influence and assist decision-makers in implementing Agenda 21 and Caring
for the Earth;
- Test and adapt a methodology for monitoring and assessing sustainability;
- Analyze experience in all types of strategies and, learning from this experience,
develop better tools to assist strategy teams;
- Strengthen Regional Networks and engage them in providing technical assistance,
thus strengthening local capacity;
This site includes links to:
- Strategies for National Sustainable Development A Handbook for their Planning
- Strategies for Sustainability: Latin America (Earthscan/IUCN) 1996
- Strategies for Sustainability: Asia (Earthscan/IUCN) 1996
- Strategies for Sustainability: Africa (Earthscan/IUCN) 1996 (www.iucn.org/themes/ssp/index.htm)
The Assessing Progress Toward Sustainability project is part of IUCN's Monitoring
and Evaluation Initiative. This is supported by the International Development
Research Centre and implemented by IUCN. It focuses on the development and application
of methods and tools for system, project and institutional assessment. This
includes a participatory approach for engaging stakeholders in defining the
key sustainability issues affecting their lives, and practical ways of measuring
change in human and ecosystem condition. The approach features a way of standardizing
and combining indicators and includes approaches to training, capacity building
and networking for field practitioners engaged in assessment activities (www.iucn.org/themes/eval/english/index.htm).
Policy Coordination Division
The Biodiversity Policy Coordination Division (BPCD) brings species, protected
areas and sustainable use concerns together with the social, economic and political
dimensions of biodiversity. It works together with IUCN members, partners, IUCN
offices and thematic programmes, and various international institutions, especially
in relation to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD). BPCD facititates
regional fora and regional biodiversity programme development (as has been done
in Europe, South and Southeast Asia, Meso America, South America, West Africa,
East Africa, Southern Africa, North America, and the Middle East). The BPCD
produces publications and reports, contributes to workshops and training courses,
and responds to requests for technical and policy advice on biodiversity and
sustainable use (www.iucn.org/themes/biodiversity/index.html).
World Resources Institute (WRI)
WRI is an independent,
not-for-profit centre for policy research and technical assistance on global
environmental and development issues. Its work is carried out by a 120 member
interdisciplinary staff; strong in the social and natural sciences and augmented
by a network of advisors, collaborators, international fellows, and partner
institutions in more than 50 countries. WRI is governed by an international
Board of Directors
WRI has programmes
covering: biological resources; climate, energy and pollution; conomics and
population; forest/global forest watch; information; institutions and governance;
the management institute for environment and business; and the World Resources
The World Resources
A guide to the global environment. The 2000-2001 edition was prepared by WRI
in collaboration with the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), the United
Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), and the World Bank. This millennial edition
presents a comprehensive assessment of five of the world's major ecosystems:
agro-ecosystems; coastal and marine; forests; freshwater; and grasslands.
The PAGE technical
reports provides an in-depth examination of the condition of these five major
ecosystems -- examining not only the quantity and quality of outputs but also
the biological basis for production, including soil and water condition, biodiversity,
and changes in land use over time.
An initiative to generate new information, integrate current knowledge, develop
methodological tools, and increase public understanding of the present and likely
future condition of the world's ecosystems.
An initiative to generate new information, integrate current knowledge, develop
methodological tools, and increase public understanding of the present and likely
future condition of the world's ecosystems.
Development Information Service
A well organised site with good links to secondary linked data sources www.wri.org/sdis/).
Centre for Advanced Studies (BCAS)
Centre for Advanced Studies (BCAS) is an independent, non-profit making non-governmental
research organization. It was initiated in 1984 and started its first major
activities in 1986. It is one of the leading Bangladeshi policy institute working
Environment and Development, EID (Resource Management, Environment and Development
· Governance and Peoples Participation - GPP; and
· Rapid Economic Growth (REG).
Development Alternatives, India
Alternatives Group is a non-profit corporate organisation established in 1983.
Its mission is to promote sustainable national development and create sustainable
livelihoods on a large scale so as to mobilise widespread action, and thus to
eradicate poverty and regenerate the environment. It seeks to do this through:
Innovation - through design, development and dissemination of: appropriate technologies,
effective institutional systems, and environmental and resource management methods;
- Sustainability - through
commercially viable approaches;
- Scalability - through
partner organisations and networks
Alternatives works with partners in all sectors: government, international agencies,
public and private sector institutions and grass roots voluntary organisations;
and its activities cover a broad array of development issues
Systems Branch is concerned with sustainable development strategies, state of
environment reports, impact assessment studies, and management plans and programmes
- Basic needs, resources,
and rural economies;
- Land use, command areas
- Wildlife, protected
and pristine areas and wastelands;
- Rehabilitation and
disasters; technology assessment and forecasting; and
- Guidelines for environmental
management of projects.
Systems Branch provides various services covering: advice on eco-
building; assistance with markets and development; machine and product design;
technology development and consultancy; vertical shaft brick kilns; and best
Indira Gandhi Institute of Development Research (IGIDR)
Gandhi Institute of Development Research (IGIDR) is an advanced research institute
established by the Reserve Bank of India. The aims and objectives of the Institute
are to promote and conduct research on development (in its economic, technological,
social, political and ecological aspects) from a broad inter-disciplinary perspective;
to gain insights into the process of development and alternative policy options;
and to disseminate the knowledge so gained.
Sustainable Development Networking Programme, Pakistan
A gateway to
development information for Pakistan - envisioned as a one stop site for all
significant development information on Pakistan that exists on the web. 'Pakistani
Links' are indexed web resources from both Pakistani and international websites
about Pakistan. 'International Links' pertain to international/global information
from selected websites under the same categories
Cooperation Agencies with units or programmes on NSDSs
(United Kingdom Department for International Development)
Policy Department (EPD) contributes to the reduction of poverty by promoting
the importance of environmental management, the integration of poverty-environment
links and the characteristics for strategic planning processes towards this
goal. The focus is to encourage the integration of this perspective into DFID
programmes and collaborate with other agencies on these goals.
The Strategic Processes for Sustainability (SPS) Team - formerly the Sustainable
Development Unit - was established within EPD in 1999. It works as a resource
group and coordination point for DFID's work on, inter alia, national sustainable
development strategies. The Team undertakes collaborative work with DFID's geographic
and advisory departments and with other bilateral and multilateral agencies
and sectors on NSDSs. It is a multi-disciplinary team comprising social, economic
and environmental advisory expertise and has access to other specialist advice
on a range of sectors such as governance, health, education, and private sector
The SPS team
aims to ensure that the collaboration amongst different sectors produces a wider
but more integrated perspective on sustainable development while maintaining
a coherent approach towards the achievement of the Millenium Developmnt Goals
(MDGs). It works on the linkage between poverty and environment and the understanding
that rational resource management is essential to achieve sustained poverty
The SPS team
focuses on assisting developing country partners achieve the MDGs. In particular,
it works to ensure environmental sustainability through the integration of the
principles of sustainable development into country policies and programmes to
contribute to the reversal of the loss of environmental resources (MDG Goal
7 Target 9). It aims to broaden the understanding of the characteristics of
NSDSs and places emphasis on promoting adherence to the principles and characteristics
of NSDSs (Boxes 3.1 and 3.2) in the development and implementation of poverty
reduction strategies. There is a particular stress on integrating environmental
concerns in national development strategies and enhancing prospects for their
sustainability and for improving the health and the livelihoods and reducing
the vulnerability of the poor. In this way a poverty reduction strategy can
be a very effective building block for a broader NSDS.
DFID has co-chaired
an OECD/DAC Task Force on NSDSs which developed DAC policy guidance on NSDS,
and supported work to develop UN Guidance on NSDS as part of the WSSD process.
GTZ (Deutsche Gesellschaft für Technische Zusammenarbeit,
GTZ GmbH has
been operating as a service company in international development cooperation
since 1975. The primary goal of its work is to improve the living and working
conditions of people in the partner countries and sustain the natural basis
GTZ deals with a wide range of issues and tasks, e.g. protecting the tropical
forest in Indonesia, AIDS prevention in Kenya, vocational training in Argentina
and advisory services to governments of countries of the former Soviet Union.
With over 10,000 employees in more than 120 countries throughout the world,
GTZ is the largest German organisation of its kind.
Policy and Institutional Development Unit provides the following specific services
to developing countries, donors and other clients:
in strategy, systems and process design: offering advisory services in designing
strategies for sustainable development, elaborating environmental action plans,
environmental management systems and similar comprehensive framework processes.
· Assisting in project planning, monitoring and evaluation: assisting
developing countries and donors in the identification, appraisal, planning,
monitoring and evaluation of specific and tailor-made programmes related to
urban-industrial environmental management and institutional development in the
· Assisting in project implementation: With funding from the German Federal
Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) or other donors, GTZ
assists developing countries in the implementation of their environmental programmes,
e.g. through the secondment of qualified long-term and short-term advisors,
training and upgrading, financial contributions etc.
· Technical backstopping: GTZ provides services for technical backstopping
of environmental programmes, including assistance in project cycle management,
recruitment and human resources management, in-process-consultancy, coordination
and networking, quality management, monitoring and evaluation;
· Implementing pilot projects and supra-regional programmes: GTZ operates
a number of supra-regional projects which focus on 'mainstreaming' the implementation
of Agenda 21 and the Rio conventions into development co-operation. Other pilot
and sector projects collaborate with existing bilateral projects worldwide,
to mainstream important development issues such as sustainable development,
poverty reduction, gender, conflict management and many others, into regular
· Training and capacity building: GTZ offers a broad range of concepts
for individual upgrading and needs-oriented advanced training, which are carried
out in partner countries or in Germany. In addition, in-house training programmes
for GTZ field staff and counterparts on issues such as sustainable development,
environmental impact assessment, mediation and environmental conflict resolution,
environmental communication, municipal environmental management and others are
· EIA and mainstreaming the environment: GTZ monitors the implementation
of environmental impact assessment (EIA) systems, as they apply to all Technical
Cooperation projects. At the same time, it assists in mainstreaming the environment
into Technical Cooperation at large, i.e. through contributing to country strategy
papers, networking and briefing GTZ field staff.
· Knowledge Management and Consultancy: GTZ manages and communicate information
and expertise on Technical Cooperation in the environmental field, based on
evaluations, field activities, workshops, exchange of experience, literature
and information systems. Based on its experience, GTX offers advisory services
to development cooperation organisations in formulating policies related to
environmental cooperation, global environmental conventions and sustainable
project "Rio+10 / Supporting national strategies for sustainable development
The GTZ Rioplus
project concentrates on two areas:
· Providing support to the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation
and Development (BMZ) in its preparations for the 2002 World Summit on Sustainable
Development (WSSD); and
· Making both conceptual and practical contributions to promoting nssds
in developing countries - advising partners in selected developing countries
on the elaboration and implementation of nssds; working on the concept and processes
of nssds and promoting debate on such aspects in national and international
forums; and promoting international dialogue to improve donor coordination on
nssds and related strategic planning processes.
the Rioplus project and the project on poverty reduction (see below) work closely
together, to ensure coherence in GTZ support to strategic approaches in developing
countries, and make the best possible use of potentials for synergies.
project Poverty Reduction
The GTZ Poverty
Reduction Project provides support to a number of countries worldwide in their
efforts to combat poverty, with a focus on promoting the elaboration, implementation
and monitoring of Poverty Reduction Strategies (PRSPs). The project also provides
national and international platforms for experience exchange on PRSPs, and is
involved in the respective international debate.
is a website for sharing experience with poverty eradication, discussing and
analysing common problems, and measuring impacts. The site allows German development
organizations to conduct an open dialogue on model projects, programmes, instruments
and procedures for the struggle against poverty. The site provides instruments
to partners in emerging countries to test the effectiveness of poverty programmes
and projects. The initial focus is on India, Peru, Morocco and South Africa
and on trans-frontier development approaches in agriculture, civil society,
housing and urban development.
A news group,
working aids, contact addresses and news add to the practical uses of the Poverty
Reduction Project, which is coordinated on behalf of the BMZ (Bundesministerium
für wirtschaftliche Zusammenarbeit und Entwicklung - the German Federal
Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development).
Labour Organisation (ILO)
Labour Organization (ILO) is the UN specialized agency which seeks the promotion
of social justice and internationally recognized human and labour rights. It
was founded in 1919 and is the only surviving major creation of the Treaty of
Versailles which brought the League of Nations into being and it became the
first specialized agency of the UN in 1946.
The ILO formulates
international labour standards in the form of Conventions and Recommendations
setting minimum standards of basic labour rights: freedom of association, the
right to organize, collective bargaining, abolition of forced labour, equality
of opportunity and treatment, and other standards regulating conditions across
the entire spectrum of work related issues. It provides technical assistance
primarily in the fields of vocational training and vocational rehabilitation;
employment policy; labour administration; labour law and industrial relations;
working conditions; management development; cooperatives; social security; labour
statistics and occupational safety and health. It promotes the development of
independent employers' and workers' organizations and provides training and
advisory services to those organizations. Within the UN system, the ILO has
a unique tripartite structure with workers and employers participating as equal
partners with governments in the work of its governing organs.
The ILO accomplishes
its work through three main bodies, all of which encompass the unique feature
of the Organization: its tripartite structure (government, employers, workers).
International Labour Conference at which each member State is represented by
two government delegates, an employer delegate and a worker delegate, accompanied
by technical advisors. The Conference establishes and adopts international labour
standards. It acts as a forum where social and labour questions of importance
to the entire world are discussed. The Conference also adopts the budget of
the Organization and elects the Governing Body.
Monetary Fund (IMF)
The IMF, established
in 1946, is an international organization of 183 member countries. Its purposes
international monetary cooperation through a permanent institution which provides
the machinery for consultation and collaboration on international monetary problems;
· Facilitate the expansion and balanced growth of international trade,
and to contribute thereby to the promotion and maintenance of high levels of
employment and real income and to the development of the productive resource
of all members as primary objectives of economic policy;
· Promote exchange stability, maintain ordely exchange arrangements among
members, and avoid competitive exchange depreciation;
· Assist in the establishment of a multilateral system of payments in
respect of current transactions between members and in the elimination of foreign
exchange restrictions which hamper the growth of world trade;
· Give confidence to members by making the general resources of the Fund
temporarily available to them under adequate safeguards, thus providing them
with opportunity to correct maladjustments in their balance of payments without
resorting to measures destructive of national or international prosperity.
Reduction Strategy Papers
to this Resource Book, Poverty Reduction Strategy Papers (PRSP) are an important
initiative of the IMF. PRSPs are prepared by the IMF member countries through
a participatory process involving domestic stakeholders as well as external
development partners, including the World Bank and IMF Fund. Updated every three
years with annual progress reports, PRSPs describe the country's macroeconomic,
structural and social policies and programs over a three year or longer horizon
to promote broad-based growth and reduce poverty, as well as associated external
financing needs and major sources of financing. Interim PRSPs (I-PRSPs) summarize
the current knowledge and analysis of a country's poverty situation, describe
the existing poverty reduction strategy, and lay out the process for producing
a fully developed PRSP in a participatory fashion. The country documents, along
with the accompanying IMF/World Bank Joint Staff Assessments (JSAs), are made
available on the World Bank and IMF websites by agreement with the member country
as a service to users of the World Bank and IMF websites. www.imf.org/external/np/prsp/prsp.asp#pp
Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development,
Development Assistance Committee (OECD/DAC)
for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) is an international organisation
made up of 30 democratic nations with advanced market economies, and has active
relationships with some 70 other countries, NGOs and civil society. Its work
covers economic and social issues from macroeconomics, to trade, education,
development and science and innovation, and is best known for its publications
and its statistics.
The OECD was
founded in 1961 with the basic aim of promoting policies to:
· Achieve the highest sustainable economic growth and employment and
a rising standard of living in Member countries, while maintaining financial
stability, and thus to contribute to the development of the world economy;
· Contribute to sound economic expansion in Member as well as non-member
countries in the process of economic development; and
· Contribute to the expansion of world trade on a multilateral, non-discriminatory
basis in accordance with international obligations.
Development Assistance Committee (DAC) www.oecd.org/dac)
The DAC is
one of the key forums in which the major bilateral donors work together to increase
the effectiveness of their common efforts to support sustainable development.
It concentrates on how international development co-operation contributes to
the capacity of developing countries to participate in the global economy and
the capacity of people to overcome poverty and participate fully in their societies.
The Committee holds an annual High Level Meeting in which participants are ministers
or heads of aid agencies. The work of the DAC is supported by the Development
Co-operation Directorate, (DCD), one of some dozen directorates in the OECD.
The DCD is often referred to as the DAC Secretariat because of this key function.
the DAC are expected to have certain common objectives concerning the conduct
of their aid programmes. To this end, guidelines have been prepared for development
practitioners in capitals and in the field. Amongst these is Policy
Guidance on National Strategies for Sustainable Development
The DAC's main
Partnerships: In 1996, DAC Members endorsed strategic orientations for development
partnerships. This was followed by the landmark report "Shaping the
21st Century: The Contribution of Development Co-operation".
- Donor Practices: A
Task Force on Donor Practices was established in late 2000 with the fundamental
objective of strengthening partner countries' ownership. Three subgroups
are examining: financial management and accountability; reporting and monitoring;
and pre-implementation phase of the project cycle.
- Evaluation of aid:
carried out primarily by the Working Party on Aid - the only international
forum where bilateral and multilateral development evaluation experts meet
- Financial Flows and
Debt: The DAC publishes statistics and reports on aid and other resource
flows to developing countries and countries in transition and related matters,
based principally on reporting by DAC Members.
Gender Equality: conducted primarily through the Working Party on Gender
Equality, the only international forum where gender experts from development
co-operation agencies meet to define common approaches in support of sustainable,
- Good Governance, Conflict
and Peace: work is undertaken by the Network on Good Governance and Capacity
Development (GOVNET) and the Network on Conflict, Peace and Development
Co-operation (CPDC Net), respectively.
- International Development
Goals: used by the DAC and the international development community as a
common framework to guide our policies and programmes and to assess our
- Performance Assessment
of DAC Members: DAC "peer reviews" monitor members' efforts in
the area of development co-operation.
- Poverty Reduction
- Private Sector and
Development Finance: work is carried out primarily through the Working Party
on Financial Aspects of Development Assistance and in collaboration with
other directorates in the OECD. It aims to help partner countries attain
sustainable development through private sector development and the mobilisation
of domestic and external finance.
- Sustainable Development,
Environment and Development Co-operation: work is carried out primarily
through the Working Party on Development Co-operation and Environment, the
only international forum where environment experts from development co-operation
agencies meet to define common approaches in support of sustainable development.
- Trade, Development
and Capacity Building: work aims to help developing countries generate sustainable,
poverty-reducing growth and integrate effectively in the global economy
through improved market access and enhanced capacity building measures.
United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs
Within the United
Nations Secretariat, the Department of Economic and Social Affairs (DESA) provides
policy analysis and facilitates international dialogue on development issues
in the General Assembly, ECOSOC and the specialized intergovernmental bodies
reporting to them. It also provides technical assistance to Member States at
the national and sub-regional level. In addition, the Department convenes and
coordinates the work of the UN Executive Committee on Economic and Social Affairs,
(EC-ESA) the highest-level Secretariat body responsible for ensuring the overall
coherence and coordination of the economic and social work of the Organization.
Building on this work, DESA provides substantive support to the General Assembly,
the Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) and its functional commissions.
on Sustainable Development (CSD)
The CSD is
one of the functional commissions and was created in December 1992 to ensure
effective follow-up of UNCED and Agenda 21 and to monitor and report on implementation
of the Earth Summit agreements at the local, national, regional and international
levels. A five-year review of Earth Summit progress was made in 1997, Earth
Summit + 5. The Special Session of the General Assembly held in June 1997 adopted
a comprehensive document entitled Programme for the Further Implementation of
Agenda 21 prepared by the Commission on Sustainable Development. It also adopted
the programme of work of the Commission for 1998-2002. The following site includes
information on the CSD sessions and links to the website for the 10-year review
of Agenda 21: The World Summit for Sustainable Development. (www.un.org/esa/sustdev/csd.htm)
for Sustainable Development (DSD) provides coordinated support for the implementation
of Agenda 21 and other outcomes of the United Nations Conference on Environment
and Development, including the Rio Declaration, the Barbados Programme of Action
for the Sustainable Development of Small Island Developing States, the work
programmes and decisions adopted by the Commission on Sustainable Development
and the Programme for the Further Implementation of Agenda 21 .
development website (www.un.org/esa/sustdev/)
contains information about the UN's ongoing efforts to implement Agenda 21,
the Rio Declaration on Environment and Development, the Forest Principles and
the Global Programme of Action for the Sustainable Development of Small Island
Developing States (SIDS).
Part of the
CSD web site, provides information on the Working List of Indicators of Sustainable
Development. The indicators are intended for use at the national level by countries
in their decision-making processes. Not all of the indicators will be applicable
in every situation. It is understood that countries will choose to use from
among the indicators those relevant to national priorities, goals and targets.
Nations Development Programme (UNDP)
Nations Development Programme (UNDP) is the UN's principal provider of development
advice, advocacy and grant support, with its HQ in New York and 132 country
At the United
Nations Millennium Summit IN September 2000, world leaders pledged to cut poverty
in half by 2015. UNDP is now charged with helping to make this happen. Its focus
is on providing developing countries with knowledge-based consulting services
and building national, regional and global coalitions for change. UNDP has specialized
expertise in the following areas:
- Democratic governance;
- Poverty reduction (UNDP
is helping developing countries plan and implement nationally-owned strategies
and solutions for reducing poverty);
- Energy and environment
(UNDP is leading the UN effort in building national capacity for environmentally
sustainable development, by promoting global best practices and supporting
- Peace-building and
- Information and communications
The Human Development
Report was first launched in 1990 with the single goal of putting people back
at the centre of the development process in terms of economic debate, policy
and advocacy. The goal was both massive and simple, with far-ranging implications
- going beyond income to assess the level of people's long-term well-being.
Bringing about development of the people, by the people, and for the people,
and emphasizing that the goals of development are choices and freedoms.
Since the first
Report, four new composite indices for human development have been developed
- the Human Development Index, the Gender-related Development Index, the Gender
Empowerment Measure, and the Human Poverty Index.
also focuses on a highly topical theme in the current development debate, providing
path-breaking analysis and policy recommendations (the 2001 report focuses on
making technologies work for human development). The Reports' messages - and
the tools to implement them - have been embraced by people around the world,
evidenced by the publication of national human development reports at the country
level in more than 120 nations.
The Human Development
Report is an independent report. It is commissioned by the United Nations Development
Programme (UNDP) and is the product of a selected team of leading scholars,
development practitioners and members of the Human Development Report Office
of UNDP. The Report is translated into more than a dozen languages and launched
in more than 100 countries annually.
UNDP has helped more than 120 developing countries produce their own National
Human Development Reports, which provide a basis for informed local debate about
priorities and policies. These Reports also help donor governments to measure
the impact of their aid dollars, and to communicate the way in which aid is
making a positive difference both to direct beneficiaries and to electorates
As task manager
for Chapter 37 of Agenda 21, UNDP was appointed to serve as the implementing
agency for Agenda 21. Capacity 21 was established within UNDP's Bureau of Development
Policy in the Operational Policies and Applied Research Group (OPARG), and works
with developing countries and countries in transition to find the best ways
to achieve sustainable development and meet the goals of Agenda 21 and to build
their capacities (supported through the UNDP Capacity 21 Trust Fund) to integrate
the principles of Agenda 21into national development.
governments, civil society and the private sector, Capacity 21 programmes support
the development of integrated, participatory and decentralized strategies for
sustainable development. Capacity 21 programmes are country-owned, country-driven
processes that support and influence national and local decision-making to build
long-term capacities at all levels of society. Three principles lie at the heart
of any Agenda 21 process and are the main building blocks for Capacity 21:
· Participation of all stakeholders in programme development, implementation,
monitoring and learning.
· Integration of economic, social and environmental priorities within
national and local policies, plans and programmes.
· Information about sustainable development to help people make better
is operational in each of UNDP's 5 regions: Africa, the Arab States, Asia, Europe
and the Commonwealth of Independent States, and Latin America and the Caribbean.
Capacity 21 has worked with over 75 developing countries and countries in transition
to adopt innovative capacity-building approaches to address environmental degradation,
social inequity and economic decline.
21 website features an on-line library with many publications and background
Nations Environment Programme (UNEP)
and functions cover:
- Environmental Policy Development and Law
- Environmental Policy Implementation
- Early Warning and Assessment
- Convention Secretariats
- Secretariat to the Convention of Migratory species of Wild Animals
- Other Convention Secretariats
- Climate Change
- Regional Seas Conventions
- Rotterdam PIC
- Ozone Secretariat
- Multilateral Fund Secretariat for the Implementation of the Montreal Protocol
- Secretariat for the Basel Convention
- Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity
- Secretariat of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species
of Wild - Fauna and Flora
- Global Environment Facility Coordination
- Secretariat of the Scientific and Technical Advisory Panel (STAP)
See also the
UN's version of global data collection
on the environment and Grid
Arendal's global environmental database..
Environment Outlook (GEO)
in 1995 with two components:
global environmental assessment process, the GEO Process, that is cross-sectoral
and participatory. It incorporates regional views and perceptions, and builds
consensus on priority issues and actions through dialogue among policy-makers
and scientists at regional and global levels.
· GEO outputs, in printed and electronic formats, including the GEO Report
series. This series makes periodic reviews of the state of the world's environment,
and provides guidance for decision-making processes such as the formulation
of environmental policies, action planning and resource allocation. Other outputs
include technical reports, a Web site and a publication for young people.
network of Collaborating Centres is the core of the GEO process. These centres
have played an increasingly important role in preparing GEO reports. They are
now responsible for almost all the regional inputs, thus combining top-down
integrated assessment with bottom-up environmental reporting. A number of Associated
Centres also participate, providing specialized expertise. Four working groups
- on modelling, scenarios, policy and data - provide advice and support to the
GEO process, helping coordinate the work of the Collaborating Centres to make
their outputs as comparable as possible.
Nations agencies contribute to the GEO Process through the United Nations System-wide
Earthwatch, coordinated by UNEP. In particular, they provide substantive data
and information on the many environmentally-related issues that fall under their
individual mandates; they also help review drafts.
and other mechanisms to promote dialogue between scientists and policy-makers
are an essential element of the GEO process. More than 850 people and some 35
centres contributed to the production of GEO-2000.
Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO)
FAO was founded
in 1945 with a mandate to raise levels of nutrition and standards of living,
to improve agricultural productivity, and to better the condition of rural populations.
Today, it is one of the largest specialized agencies in the UN system and the
lead agency for agriculture, forestry, fisheries and rural development. Since
its inception, FAO has worked to alleviate poverty and hunger by promoting agricultural
development, improved nutrition and the pursuit of food security - defined as
the access of all people at all times to the food they need for an active and
its widespread information networks and the skills and experience of its technical
staff, FAO provides independent advice on agricultural policy and planning,
and on the administrative and legal structures needed for development. The organization
also advises on national strategies for rural development, food security and
the alleviation of poverty.
FAO is composed
of eight departments: Administration and Finance, Agriculture, Economic and
Social, Fisheries, Forestry, General Affairs and Information, Sustainable Development
and Technical Cooperation.
The work of
the Sustainable Development Department covers four main areas:
FAO is a key
partner in the implementation of three environmental UN conventions, namely,
the Convention on Biological Diversity - FAO's mandate involving agrobiodiversity;
the Convention to Combat Desertification and the Framework Convention on Climate
FAO's work addresses mainly technical and policy issues related to these three
conventions. It deals mostly with normative activities (such as policy and technical
guidelines and databases), but it also includes information on field programmes.
Selected technical and institutional links to many other partners that support
these conventions are also included under this theme.
- Energy and technology
- Geoinformation, monitoring
FAO is concerned
with all aspects of geoinformation data acquisition, analysis and dissemination,
such as the activities themselves and the tools and techniques used. Examples
of activities are the Africover project and the ARTEMIS environmental monitoring
information system. Others are the standardization of geographic data, various
software tools such as WinDisp, and the website METART, where near real-time
data from the ARTEMIS system can be visualized and analysed. Specific data
sets, such as global climatic maps and other agrometeorological and GIS
databases, are also made available.
- Environmental policy
and integrated management.
FAO deals with
areas in which governmental or international policy are directed towards
improving environmental quality at the national, regional or global level.
While this subject area is broad, the focus is on the use of policy mechanisms
and techniques aimed at strengthening human and institutional capacity to
effectively deal with environmental issues. This might be done, for example,
through training in environmental impact assessment (EIA), through a policy
study in a Ministry of Agriculture, or guidelines aimed at improved natural
This theme includes specific topics such as: environmental impact assessment
(EIA); national and regional environmental action plans; implementation
of Agenda 21; indicators of sustainable development; integrated coastal
area management (ICAM); organic agriculture; energy policy; natural resource
conservation; environmental accounting; life cycle analysis; and indigenous
In view of
FAO's mandate, much of the content relates to the agricultural or rural dimension
of environmental policy and integrated management. In many cases, the topics
are also directly related to other categories such as environmental conventions
or environmental monitoring and assessment activities. To the extent possible,
the appropriate links and cross-references are provided.
In the past,
though the Forestry Department, FAO led the Tropical Forestry Action Programme
(TFAP) which saw many countries develop National Forestry Action Plans. FAO
is now working with the World Bank (PROFOR) and other organisations to establish
an National Forestry Programme (NFP) Support Facility to provide advice and
capacity-building support to developing countries.
The World Bank
Group is one of the world's largest sources of development assistance. In Fiscal
Year 2001, the institution provided more than US$17 billion in loans to its
client countries. It works in more than 100 developing economies with the primary
focus of helping the poorest people and the poorest countries. The Bank is composed
of five organizations:
- IBRD (International
Bank for Reconstruction and Development): provides loans and development
assistance to middle-income countries and creditworthy poorer countries;
- IDA (International
Development Association): the Bank's concessional lending window. It provides
long-term loans at zero interest to the poorest of the developing countries;
- IFC (International
Finance Corporation): promotes private sector investment, both foreign and
domestic, in developing member countries;
- MIGA (Multilateral
Investment Centre Guarantee Agency) promotes foreign direct investment by
offering political risk insurance (guarantees) to investors and lenders,
and by providing skills and resources to help emerging economies attract
and retain this investment;
- ICSID (International
Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes): provides facilities for the
settlement - by conciliation or arbitration - of investment disputes between
foreign investors and their host countries.
and Socially Sustainable Development Network
Environmentally and Socially Sustainable Development (ESSD) Network comprises
three "families of practice": Environment, Rural Development, and
Social Development. ESSD's mission is not just the integration of the environmental,
social, and rural aspects of development. More broadly, it is to mainstream
sustainability in all Bank activities.
The goal of ESSD is stated as to contribute to the Bank's mission of fighting
poverty by improving poor people's livelihoods, health, and security today and
in the future. ESSD aims to do this by helping to: enhance environmental quality
and natural resource management; maintain the global ecosystems; improve access
to natural resources; and generally increase poor people's capacity to improve
their lives and influence the decisions that affect them.
group aims to ensure that the environment is taken into account in Bank projects
and programme. This is accomplished in part through its responsibilities for
the environmental assessment procedures and safeguard policies.
The Rural Development
group seeks to enhance global food security and rural well-being by stimulating
rural growth and development, eliminating rural poverty, and intensifying agricultural
systems in a sustainable way.
Development group aims to promote equitable, inclusive, and sustainable development.
That is, to bring people and their traditional values, cultures, and organizations
into economic and social development, and to give development a human face.
ESSD is investing
substantially in fostering partnerships in the forest sector. The Alliance for
Forest Conservation and Sustainable Use, jointly managed by the World Bank and
WWF, pursues measurable targets for forest conservation and management worldwide.
Another important partnership is the Forest Market Transformation Initiative,
which includes the CEO's Forum for Forests, Forest Trends, and the Concession
Management Program. In addition, the Bank has stepped up its participation in
international forums and regional consultations on forest issues.
forestry sector, there are several other new partnerships, such as:
- The Prototype Carbon
Fund (PCF) - established in the World Bank with contributions from governments
and private companies, the PCF is the world's first market-based mechanism
to address climate change and promote the transfer of finance and climate-friendly
technology to developing countries;
- The Provention Consortium,
an international partnership that equips developing countries with the means
to better cope with natural disasters such as earthquakes, hurricanes and
floods, and reduce the loss of life and destruction they cause;
- The Bank-UNDP-UNEP-GEF
partnership on Land-Water Degradation in Africa to address the degradation
of land and water resources in Africa and the associated adverse impact
on global environmental values;
- The Bank-IFAD-UNDP
partnership on the facilitation committee of the Global Mechanism to facilitate
implementation of the Convention to Combat Desertification by mobilizing
- Water sector activities
such as the Global Water Partnership, Regional Seas Programmes in the Baltic,
Red Sea, and Gulf of Aden, and the Africa Water Resources Management Initiative;
- Bank-NGO partnerships,
which are extensive and include relations with the Bank-NGO Working Group
and NGO networks in all regions;
- Post-conflict and development
partnerships, including founding membership in the Conflict Prevention and
Post-Conflict Reconstruction Network (CPPR), along with over 30 key partners;
- and The Cultural Assets
for Poverty Reduction group, which is fostering a number of very successful
partnerships to mainstream culture and development by working in collaboration
with technical agencies, NGOs, governments, foundations, and the private
- The International Coral
Reef Initiative (ICRI) is a partnership among nations and organizations
that seeks to implement international Conventions and agreements for the
benefit of coral reefs and related marine ecosystems.
- World Bank acronyms:
CDF, HIPC, PRSP, PRGF, and PRSC and others are defined - with links to these
- Poverty Reduction Strategy
Papers (PRSPP). For these papers, see www.worldbank.org/poverty/strategies/index.htm
PRSP Sourcebook (www.worldbank.org/poverty)
- Comprehensive Development
Framework (CDF). For papers on the Comprehensive Development Framework (CDF)
- Green Accounting. For
green accounting (genuine savings) and indicators, see (www.worldbank.org/environmentaleconomics).
This is to the Bank's environmental economics and indicators web site. Five
focal areas are presented: environmental indicators, green accounting, environmental
valuation, environmental policy, and a section on new initiatives. A range
of documents can be downloaded.
- Participation. See
Participation Sourcebook (www.worldbank.org/wbi/sourcebook/sbhome.htm)
Chamber of Commerce (ICC)
1919, ICC has thousands of member companies and associations from over 130 countries,
coordinated through National Committees. ICC speaks on their behalf and promotes
an open international trade and investment system and the market economy. ICC
makes voluntary rules governing the conduct of business across borders which
have become part of the fabric of international trade; and also provides essential
services, foremost among them the ICC International Court of Arbitration, the
world's leading arbitral institution.
and experts drawn from the ICC membership establish the business stance on broad
issues of trade and investment policy as well as on vital technical and sectoral
subjects. These include financial services, information technologies, telecommunications,
marketing ethics, the environment, transportation, competition law and intellectual
property, among others.
The ICC has
been heavily involved in sustainable development activities since the UNCED
conference in Rio de Janeiro in 1992. In preparation for that historic meeting,
the ICC established an industry milestone with the ICC Business Charter for
Sustainable Development, and has worked with businesses around the world to
improve environmental management systems in pursuit of the key principles of
the Charter. The ICC Working Party on Sustainable Development monitors key issues
and challenges surrounding the international efforts of the UN Commission on
Sustainable Development (UNCSD), including participation in the recent meetings
of CSD9 and CSD10, the UN Global Compact, key Multilateral Environmental Agreements
(MEAs), and other relevant inter-governmental negotiations and processes.
The ICC Working
Party on Sustainable Development aims to identify areas where Business can play
a constructive role, including: providing cheap and sustainable energy for everyone;
ensuring clean water for all; developing accessible and affordable health care;
encouraging market access for products from the developing world; provision
of employment, social services and environmental care; mainstreaming responsible
behaviour; pursuing transparency and reporting of performance of governments;
and maintaining open dialogue with key stakeholders and civil society in general
for the World Summit on Sustainable Development in 2002, the ICC has joined
with the World Business Council for Sustainable Development to initiate a campaign
to mobilize business organisations under the title 'Business Action for Sustainable
Development' (see: www.basd-action.net).
of Wales Business Leaders Forum
of Wales Business Leaders Forum is an international not-for-profit organization
founded by HRH The Prince of Wales in 1990 and active in 30 countries around
the world. The Forum promotes socially responsible business practices that benefit
business and society and which help to achieve social, economic, and environmentally
sustainable development. Fifty CEOs, Chairs and senior executives from leading
international companies form the
Board and Council
of the Forum.
The Forum works
around the world with leaders in business, civil society, and the public sector
- Encourage continuous
improvement in responsible business practices, with emphasis on the company's
core business practices, social investment strategies, and engagement in
- Develop geographic-
or issue-based cross-sector partnerships to take effective action on social,
economic and environmental issues; and
- Help create an enabling
environment which provides the right conditions for responsible business
practices and cross-sector partnerships to flourish.
Forum's capacity-building program, is based on direct cross-sectoral and cross-cultural
exchanges of experience. They are administered on local, regional, and international
levels, bringing participants from all three sectors together within corporate-community
initiatives. The Forum aims to build the capacity of intermediaries to work
together and to initiate, nurture and sustain practical business-community projects
through its cross-sector practitioner workshops, study tours, and production
of manuals. Furthermore, it hopes to encourage replication of these sustainable
Hotels Environment Initiative encourages continuous improvement in the environmental
performance of the international hotel industry and thereby promotes sustainable
development. It is made up of the chief executives of 11 global hotel chains
representing 8,000 hotels.
for Health Promotion is a project which develops new alliances between private
and public sectors and communities, promotes and shares existing good practices
through publications and the Forum's Web site, and creates a network of partners
in health promotion.
Financial Services Leaders Initiative encourages greater participation of financial
services companies in development programs focusing on corporate governance,
education and social development in emerging markets.
Web site contains a searchable database on socially responsible business practices
and cross-sector partnerships, electronic versions of the Forum's newsletter
and summaries of its publications, and details of upcoming events.
Business Council for Sustainable Development (WBCSD)
The World Business
Council for Sustainable Development (WBCSD) is a coalition of 150 international
companies united by a shared commitment to sustainable development via the three
pillars of economic growth, ecological balance and social progress. Its members
are drawn from more than 30 countries and 20 major industrial sectors. WBCSD
also benefits from a Global Network of 30 national and regional business councils
and partner organizations involving some 700 business leaders globally.
The WBCSD mission
is to provide business leadership as a catalyst for change toward sustainable
development, and to promote the role of eco-efficiency, innovation and corporate
social responsibility. Its objectives and strategic directions, based on this
- Business leadership:
to be the leading business advocate on issues connected with sustainable
- Policy development:
to participate in policy development in order to create a framework that
allows business to contribute effectively to sustainable development;
- Best practice: to demonstrate
business progress in environmental and resource management and corporate
social responsibility and to share leading-edge practices among our members;
- Global outreach: to
contribute to a sustainable future for developing nations and nations in
WBCSD is a
member-led organization governed by a Council composed of the Chief Executive
Officers of its member companies, or other top-level executives of equivalent
rank. It meets annually to decide the organization's priorities and to discuss
strategic issues connected with sustainable development. These Council meetings
provide a forum where business leaders can analyze, debate and exchange experiences
on all aspects of sustainable development.
to develop new concepts and approaches toward sustainable development.
include: sustainability through the market, corporate social responsibility,
climate and energy, innovation and technology, sustainable development reporting,
and natural resources (biodiversity, and access to water).
projects include: cement, electric utilities, forestry, mining, and mobility
activities to allow members to mutually enhance their competencies and practices.
They cover four streams: education and training, stakeholder dialogues, learning
by sharing, and scenartios to strengthen understanding of the future.
and awareness raising to creates momentum behind formulating the policy framework
that enables business to realize a successful transition toward sustainable
Netherlands Ministry of Housing, Spatial Planning and Environment (VROM)
The site includes
an international section (in English) designed to provide a comprehensive source
of information for international policy makers, managers, and professionals
as well as for the general public. It features articles, news items and press
communiqués on domestic policy issues and on the ministry's international activities.
It is planned to add an on-line magazine as a forum of international debate
on its policy areas.
is to make a policy in pace and harmony with current social, technological and
political developments. It implements that policy in close co-operation with
other ministries, local and regional governments, social organisations, businesses
and interest groups as well as other national governments.
on the Implementation of the Climate Policy based on various international agreements
is a good example of that. Other major components of VROM's policy are: the
Memorandum Living in the 21st century, the Fifth Memorandum on Spatial Planning
as well as the National Environmental Policy Plan No. 4. These memoranda serve
as guidelines for laws and regulations and are also important guidelines for
provinces and municipalities.
The site has
a downloadable summary of the new National Environmental Policy Plan (NEPP4)
(available in Engish, German, French and Spanish) which outlines strategies
the Netherlands has chosen in order to resolve several long standing environmental
problems. These include external safety, climate change, the adverse effects
on biodiversity as well as health risks caused by chemical substances, problems
and around genetically modified organisms.
provided of the process to develop the Dutch National Strategy for Sustainable
Department for Environment, Food & Rural Affairs (DEFRA)
on sustainable development policy across the UK government, but works closely
with other government departments in delivering on this policy. From 2002, all
departments are required to produce a sustainable development report outlining
the sustainable development impacts of their bids for budget support.
Development Unit (SDU) was established to service a new Cabinet Committee on
the Environment, to plan a powerful new Parliamentary Environmental Audit Committee
to scrutinise Government Departments' policies and operations and strengthen
the role of Green Ministers.
In April 2001,
a new Sustainable Development Research (SDR) Network was established sponsored
by the SDU and co-ordinated by the Policy Studies Institute (PSI), in association
with the Centre for Sustainable Development (CfSD) at the University of Westminster
and the Centre for the Study of Environmental Change and Sustainability (CECS)
at the University of Edinburgh. The SDU has also commissioned several projects:
sustainable development research and opportunities, sustainable prosperity,
and leadership for sustainable development.
DEFRA has sponsored the Sustainable Development Education Panel covering schools,
further and higher education bodies, and education in work, recreation and the
has established the Sustainable Development Commission, subsuming the UK Round
Table on Sustainable Development and the British Government Panel on Sustainable
Development. It has done so jointly with the Scottish Executive, the National
Assembly for Wales and the Northern Ireland Executive. The Commission's specific
objectives are to: review how far sustainable development is being achieved
in the UK in all relevant fields, and identify any relevant processes or policies
which may be undermining this; identify important unsustainable trends which
will not be reversed on the basis of current or planned action, and recommend
action to reverse the trends; deepen understanding of the concept of sustainable
development, increase awareness of the issues it raises, and build agreement
on them; and encourage and stimulate good practice (www.sd-commission.gov.uk).
a Secretariat for the Trade Union Sustainable Development Advisory Committee
(TUSDAC), set up in 1998, is the main forum for consultation with trade unions
on policy which aims to enable constructive dialogue with Government on sustainable
development and other related environmental issues; to provide a trade union
perspective on the employment consequences of climate change, and the response
to it; and to help mobilise the trade union movement to become involved in the
move towards better environmental practice in the workplace (www.defra/environment/tusdac).
The SDU has
policy responsibility for Regional Sustainable Development Frameworks -
documents which inform all other strategies and policies at the regional level
- and has prepared guidance for developing these frameworks. They are prepared
by a range of bodies at the regional level, including Government Offices, Regional
Development Agencies and Regional Chambers.
has policy responsibility for Community Strategies which local authorities are
under a duty to prepare. The SDU ha also prepared guidance for developing these
strategies. They should be developed by Local Strategic Partnerships and should
promote or improve the economic, social and environmental well-being of the
area, as well as contributing to the achievement of sustainable development
in the UK. The SDU has interest in ensuring that Community Strategies take account
of sustainable development, including use of sustainable development indicators.
The DEFRA website
provides information about the law on access to environmental information, and
on Proposals for a European Community Directive on Public Participation in Certain
main sustainable development website is at sustainable-development.gov.uk
which copies can be found of the UK's sustainable development strategy, A better
quality of life, and copies of the first and second government annual reports,
Achieving a better quality of life, covering 2000 and 2001. This website reports
on progress by the United Kingdom as a whole towards sustainable development.
AND INFORMATION CENTRES
briefings and updates on World Bank and IMF initiatives (CDF, PRSPs, genuine
savings, etc) from an NGO perspective.
for Science and Environment, India
for Science and Environment (CSE) was established in 1980 to increase public
awareness of vital issues in science, technology, environment and development.
It is now one of India's leading environmental NGOs concerned sustainable natural
resource management. It conducts campaigns and research and is a leading environmental
publisher. CSE's insists on respect for democracy, people's participation, traditional
knowledge and modern science.
It is well
known for its citizens' reports on the state of India's environment (the first
was published in 1982), and publishes a fortnightly magazine, Down To Earth,
and a children's supplement Gobar Times (Cowdung Times) which aims to inculcate
concern for the environment across the nation.
and publication work is consistently combined with advocacy and network building.
It runs campaigns covering: air and water pollution, water harvesting, climate
change, biodiversity, people and forests, and people and wildlife. It has six
programmes: State of India's environment, green rating project, environmental
education, global environmental governance, health and environment, and poverty
library provides access to clippings, images, books, articles, videos, contact
directories, government notifications, parliamentary questions and archives
for Down to Earth magazine. A free monthly newsletter is available via the website.
Andina de Fomento (CAF, Latin America)
CAF is a multilateral
financial institution whose mission is to promote the sustainable development
of its shareholder countries and regional integration. It serves the public
and private sectors, providing multiple financial services to a broad customer
base composed of the governments of shareholder countries, public and private
companies and financial institutions. Its policies incorporate social and environmental
variables, and it includes ecoefficiency and sustainability criteria in all
is a non-governmental organization that analyzes global environment and development
issues from an African perspective and reports on local, national and regional
activities that contribute to global solutions. Its mission is to enhance the
role of East Africa's NGOs and community-based organizations to influence policy-making
on issues of sustainable development, in particular on environment, trade and
and Development Action in the Third World (ENDA-TM)
ENDA is an
international non-profit organisation based in Dakar, Senegal. Founded in 1972,
it is an association of autonomous entities co-ordinated by an Executive Secretariat.
ENDA's worldwide representation includes: 24 teams at the Dakar headquarters
each working on development and environment themes; 21 countries offices (14
in Africa, 5 in South America, 2 in Asia) and a European delegation.
projects against poverty, and its research, training and exchange programs,
it strives to integrate environmental, economic and cultural relationships in
activities to meet the needs and objectives of grassroots groups.
with grassroots groups in search of alternative development models on the basis
of the experience, expectations and objectives of marginalised peoples. This
mutual commitment translates as: presence at all levels of decision-making and
action; development of replicable models of progress, uniting action, research,
training and communication; involving intellectuals and professionals in defining
and implementing development models for the majority and the least privileged;
fighting poverty; and involvement in international debates to render third world
positions visible and influential.
essentially on the initiative and methods of popular action for its impetus:
- Individual and collective
initiative (particularly inner city inhabitants, who mobilise in response
to particular challenges and issues);
- Grassroots groups and
social movements (rural and urban associations involving youth, women, communities,
professionals and consumers, and local or national federations);
- The construction of
basic common infrastructures (socio-economic activities, sanitary and social
services etc.) with the involvement of grassroots communities.
ENDA works to enhance the visibility and value, in practice as well as theory,
of the knowledge and tools that exist in local development efforts. This consists
of identifying and supporting community development initiatives - especially
in terms of local organisations.
for Media Alternatives (FMA)
for Media Alternatives (FMA) explores the strategic use of the various communications
media for democratization and popular empowerment.
For the past
several years, FMA sought to enhance the popularization and social marketing
of development-oriented issues and campaigns through media-related interventions
and cultural work. The Foundation has been involved in the production of a public
affairs television show, development-oriented video-documentaries, songwriting
festivals, advocacy campaigns, and various publications in support of the efforts
of and POs and NGOs.
FMA now focuses
on three interrelated areas:
Mass Media Services: involving the provision of media liaison and related services
to various civil society-based programs, activities, and campaigns;
Arts and Design Consultancy: aimed at helping NGOs and POs communicate to their
publics in the best possible way through relevant editorial services and content-driven
of Information and Communications Technology (ICT): aimed at empowering civil
society in the critical use of new media.
Ambiente y Recursos Naturales (FARN), Argentina
FARN (The Environment
and Natural Resources Foundation) was established in 1985 as a non-governmental,
non-partisan, non-profit organization whose mission is to promote sustainable
development policies, laws, economic activities and institutional arrangements.
Its target audience is decision-makers in the public and private sectors.
Futuro Latinamerico (FFLA)
FFLA is a private,
non-profit organization founded in 1993. Headquartered in Quito, FFLA develops
activities throughout Latin America in association with organizations in each
country in the region. FFLA promotes sustainable development through its conflict
resolution training activities, organization and facilitation of multisectoral
political dialogues, and research publications (including Puentes, a Spanish
language publication on trade and sustainable development).
for Sustainable Development (ISD), Poland
for Sustainable Development (ISD) (Instytut na rzecz ekorozwoju) is a leading
Polish NGO established in 1991 as a foundation to promote, develop and implement
principles and methods of sustainable development. ISD analyses relations between
economic, legislative and social changes versus environmental issues. It employs
an interdisciplinary staff of professionals, mainly geographers and economists
that maintain broad contacts with both domestic and foreign experts and institutions.
Network of Green Planners (INGP)
Network of Green Planners (INGP) was founded in 1992 as an informal forum for
policy-makers and practitioners involved in developing and implementing plans,
strategies and policy frameworks for sustainable development. It converted to
an Association in 1998. Through the INGP, the exchange of information, experiences
and ideas amongst practitioners is facilitated, with a focus on the environmental
component of sustainable development.
A global meeting
is organised every 18 months, with regional meetings in between.
Councils for Sustainable Development NCSDs See also Earth
Strategies for Sustainable Development of Caribbean Small Island States - From
Vision to Action
In the Caribbean,
sustainable development presents unique challenges because of the small island
context in which development occurs. In this context development requires making
decisions that seek to achieve a balance between the finite carrying capacity
of small island ecosystems and the need to achieve economic growth to meet the
aspirations of present and future generations
for Environment and Sustainable Development in Africa (NESDA)
originally in 1999 as the Club of Dublin, the Network for Environment and Sustainable
Development in Africa (NESDA) is a resource and forum of African experts in
the management of environment and natural resources, which. Its strategy is
to build and strengthen the expertise of individuals and institutions within
Africa at local, national and sub-regional levels for environmentally sustainable
development represents the essence of NESDA's strategy for achieving its general
and specific objectives. This strategy has three components:
- Support to national
planning processes by strengthening the strategic planning process for the
management of environment and sustainable development with two activities:
analysis of national policies and external reviews of "green plans".
- Strengthening the national
capacities of African countries to launch and implement strategic programmes
for sustainable management of their environment and natural resources. In
this regard NESDA undertakes three activities:
- Organisation of thematic
and regional workshops,
- In-country missions
by experts of the network,
- Project preparation
and capacity-building seminars.
- Strengthening of the
Network and Dissemination of Information and to increase technical cooperation
among African countries through:
- Creation of a roster
of African experts in different technical areas relevant to strategic framework
- Setting up a mechanism
to ensure greater involvement of the identified experts in programs in other
- Access to environmental
information through the connection of NESDA to Internet;
- Publications (newsletter,
workshop/seminar proceedings, etc.) .
are normally demand-driven and directed at: national governments and institutions,
professional and academic institutions and individuals engaged in environment
and natural resources management; as well as sub-regional institutions involved
in promoting sustainable development.
Environmental Center for Central and Eastern Europe, Budapest
Environmental Center for Central and Eastern Europe (REC) is a non-advocacy,
not-for-profit organisation with a mission to assist in solving environmental
problems in Central and Eastern Europe (CEE). The Center fulfills its mission
through encouraging cooperation among non-governmental organisations, governments
and businesses, supporting the free exchange of information and promoting public
participation in environmental decision-making.
The REC was
established in 1990 by the United States, the European Commission and Hungary.
Today, the REC is legally based on a Charter signed by the governments of 25
countries and the European Commission, and on an International Agreement with
the Government of Hungary.
The REC has
country offices in each of its 15 beneficiary CEE countries.
has nine programmes covering: business and environment, capacity- building,
climate change, environmental law, information, local initiatives, NGO support,
and public participation.
Africa Research and Documentation Centre (SARDC)
SARDC is an
independent regional information resource centre involved in the collection,
production and dissemination of information about the SADC region, with offices
in Harare, Dar es Salaam and Maputo; and network partners in all member states
of the Southern Africa n Development Community (SADC).
is to improve the base of knowledge about economic, political, cultural and
social developments, and their implications, by making information accessible
to governments and policy-makers, NGOs, the private sector, regional and international
organizations, development agencies, parliaments, and the media. Its activities
information and analysis of current events through books, special reports and
news features, fact sheets, newsletters, policy analysis, technical expertise,
topical seminars, and other specialist services. It is also a documentation
- 9000 subject files
on regional issues;
- A library of books
- Computerized data bases
of select material which are retrievable through the use of keywords: state
of the environment in southern Africa; women and gender in southern Africa;
democracy and governance, elections; disaster management information, including
drought; and other regional socio-economic and political issues;
- A reading room facilities
for policy planners, diplomats, academics, journalists, and others studying
issues with a regional perspective;
- Briefing facilities
seminars, briefings and consultancies for information exchange on electoral
processes, environmental issues, gender, human development, and information
regional training programmes involving attachments and exchanges for southern
African journalists, editors and documentalists.
resource centre, The India Musokotwane Environment Resource Centre for Southern
Africa (IMERCSA) provides researchers, the media, NGOs, governments and diplomats
with up-to-date information on the environment and disaster management issues
in Southern Africa . It is the leading regional centre for State of the Environment
reporting and produces books and factsheets on environmental issues, and a newsletter
and factsheets on the Zambezi river basin.
Summit on Sustainable Development
provides detailed information about arrangements for the 1992 World Summit on
Sustainable Development to be held in Johannesburg in August-September 2002.
It provides information on: the preparatory process, calendar of events, key
documents, major groups, media information and links to other relevant websites.
APEC Sustainable Development Network
The Asia Pacific
Economic Cooperation Sustainable Development Network (APEC Network) is a gateway
for cooperation, capacity building and the application of sustainable development
practices among the twenty-one members of the Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation
forum. The APEC Network has strategic relationships with the APEC Energy Working
Group (EWG), the Human Resources Development Working Group (HRD) and the APEC
The APEC Network
supports the U.S. Department of Energy's APEC programs in the areas of energy
efficiency and renewable energy. These programs include: the Expert Group on
Energy Efficiency and Conservation, the Expert Group on New and Renewable Energy
Technologies and the Energy for Sustainable Communities Program. The central
goal of these programs is to develop partnerships among national and local governments
and the private sector in APEC member economies to generate and use energy in
a manner that support both development and environmental goals. The APEC Network
is also a clearinghouse to draw upon the expertise in sustainable technologies
at the US DOE National Laboratories.
The APEC Network
was initiated as the APEC Sustainable Development Training and Information Network.
This program is operated on behalf of APEC's Human Resources Development Working
Group and supports capacity building to advance sustainable practices in the
public and private sectors among the twenty-one member economies of APEC.
The APEC Network
manages the Oregon APEC Education and Research Alliance (OAERA), which is a
new partnership among Oregon's leading public universities - Oregon State University,
Portland State University and the University of Oregon. OAERA is dedicated to
cooperative research and the development of education and training programs
that advance sustainable development practices in Oregon and throughout the
Asia-Pacific region. In late 1997, OAERA was accepted as a member of the consortium
of APEC Study Centers.
The APEC Network
is hosted by the International Sustainable Development Foundation (ISDF), a
501(c)3 non profit organization in Portland, Oregon.
Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions
of the Foundation are to:
- Promote awareness of
the issues and changes in behaviour by industry, SMEs and consumers;
- Analyze the impact
of new instruments to balance competitiveness and employment goals with
sustainable production and consumption policies, and with improved living
and working conditions;
- Contribute to the development
of the concept of shared responsibility of the main actors for policies
is for social partners at all levels to help their activities to promote sustainable
development from a practical company level to a policy level. In particular,
the website aims to benefit employers and employees at small and medium sized
enterprises (SMEs) with information and tools. The resources here may also assist
public policy makers and non-governmental organisations working in the area.
to providing information about the Foundation's past and current research in
the area, the website also hosts SD Online. This special information initiative
currently comprises four online databases with listings of sustainability-oriented
conferences, networks, tools, training courses and SME support initiatives.
The focus is
on practical and innovative instruments for improvements rather than on monitoring
while the approach is holistic and is integrated in particular with issues such
as health and safety at the workplace. Currently, there are three ongoing research
- Design for Sustainable
- Economic and Fiscal
Instruments for Sustainable Development
- Professional Education
and Training for Sustainable Development relating to SMEs
Commission for Sustainable Development (CSD)
Part of the
UN-SCD web site, this area provides information on the Working List of Indicators
of Sustainable Development. The indicators are intended for use at the national
level by countries in their decision-making processes. Not all of the indicators
will be applicable in every situation. It is understood that countries will
choose to use from among the indicators those relevant to national priorities,
goals and targets.
on Biological Diversity
site on the Convention on Biological Diversity. Site has links to:
- Convention on Biological
- Cartagena Protocol
on Biosafety (Protocol)
- Clearing-house Mechanism
- Biosafety Clearing-House
- Parties to the Convention
on Biological Diversity
to Combat Desertification
site of the United Nations Secretariat of the Convention to Combat Desertification.
Provides general information on "What is Desertification", as well
as listing the signatures/ratification, Official Documents, including COP3 Final
Report (English, French, Spanish) in downloadable PDF format
Action Programmes to Combat Desertification, see (www.undp.org/seed/unso/prog/nap.htm)
on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES)
wildlife trade, worth billions of dollars annually, has caused massive declines
in the numbers of many species of animals and plants. The scale of over-exploitation
for trade aroused such concern for the survival of species that an international
treaty was drawn up in 1973 to protect wildlife against such over-exploitation
and to prevent international trade from threatening species with extinction.
Known as CITES, the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species
of Wild Fauna and Flora, entered into force on 1 July 1975 and now has a membership
of 152 countries. These countries act by banning commercial international trade
in an agreed list of endangered species and by regulating and monitoring trade
in others that might become endangered
on Migratory Species (CMS)
on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals (also known as CMS
or the Bonn Convention) aims to conserve terrestrial, marine and avian migratory
species throughout their range. It is one of a small number of intergovernmental
treaties concerned with the conservation of wildlife and wildlife habitats on
a global scale. Since the Convention's entry into force on 1 November 1983,
its membership has grown steadily to include 70 (as of 1 October 2000) Parties
from Africa, Central and South America, Asia, Europe and Oceania
(www.unep-wcmc.org/cms/ or www.unep.org/unep/secretar/cms/)
Treaties and Resource Indicators (ENTRI)
with information and links on environmental and other treaties, conventions
and protocols. The funding for the ENTRI data access system is provided by NASA,
for which CIESIN operates the Socioeconomic Data Application Center (SEDAC),
an element of NASA's Mission to Planet Earth
Convention on Wetlands
on Wetlands, signed in Ramsar, Iran, in 1971, is an intergovernmental treaty
which provides the framework for national action and international cooperation
for the conservation and wise use of wetlands and their resources. There are
presently 123 Contracting Parties to the Convention, with 1060 wetland sites,
totalling 80.6 million hectares, designated for inclusion in the Ramsar List
of Wetlands of International Importance. The Ramsar web site includes a listing
of key documents
Biodiversity Planning Support Programme
Framework Convention on Climate Change
Panel on Climate Change (IPCC)
the World Heritage Convention, "cultural heritage" is a monument,
group of buildings or site of historical, aesthetic, archaeological, scientific,
ethnological or anthropological value. "Natural heritage" designates
outstanding physical, biological, and geological features; habitats of threatened
plants or animal species and areas of value on scientific or aesthetic grounds
or from the point of view of conservation.
Heritage mission is to:
- encourage countries
to sign the Convention and ensure the protection of their own natural and
- encourage States Parties
to the Convention to nominate sites within their national territory for
inclusion on the World Heritage List
SOURCES OF MATERIALS
A global link
to all things sustainable development. Chances are, if it is on the web, ELDIS
can help you find it quickly and easily.
Association for Impact Assessment (IAIA)
IAIA is the
leading global organisation concerned with best practice in environmental assessment,
management and policy. It was established in 1980, bringing together researchers,
practitioners and users of various types of impact assessment from around the
world. Members include corporate planners and managers, public interest advocates,
government planners and administrators, private consultants and policy analysts,
academics and students from over 100 countries
to (i) develop approaches and practices for comprehensive and integrated impact
assessment, (ii) improve assessment procedures and methods for practical application,
(iii) promote training of impact assessment and public understanding of the
field, (iv) provide professional quality assurance by peer review and other
means, and (v) share information networks, timely publications, and professional
conferences are organised annually in conjunction with training programmes,
as well as regional conferences, and IAIA publishes a quarterly journal, Impact
Assessment and Project Appraisal. IAIA has also undertaken various projects
with a range of strategic partners and international agencies.
is a non profit public policy research organization dedicated to informing policy-makers
and the public about emerging global problems and trends and the complex links
between the world economy and its environmental support systems. It publishes
the magazine, World Watch, as well as papers and books (e.g. the annual State
of the World report copvering key themes, and annual Vital Signs covering key
clearinghouse for news and resources on Monitoring and Evaluation. The site
gives access to other practitioners and researchers undertaking M&E in a
variety of contexts. Site creator Rick Davies has also done some interesting
work on non-quantitative assessments of organizational change and performance.
of International Co-operation on Environment and Development
and reference work on international co-operation on environment and development.
An independent publication from the Fridtjof Nansen Institute in Norway, published
by Earthscan Publications. It aims to demonstrate the international community's
position on specific environment and development problems, the main obstacles
to effective international solutions, and how to overcome them