The goal of
the project is to encourage the implementation of nssds in all countries by
2005, so as to ensure that current trends in the loss of environmental resources
are effectively reversed at both global and national levels by 2015.
21 (UNCED, 1992)
called for the preparation of national strategies for sustainable development
- nssds. The OECD DAC in its “Shaping the 21st Century” document
(1996), set a target of 2005 for nssds to be in the process of implementation.
In 1997, the UN General Assembly Special Session set a target date of 2002 for
all countries to have introduced such strategies. Shaping the 21st Century commits
DAC members to support developing countries in the formulation and implementation
of nssds through a partnership approach.
In the past,
many strategic planning initiatives have had limited practical impact because
they have focused on the production of a document as an end-product, and such
documents have often been left without implementation. Instead, the focus of
an nssd should be on improving the integration of social and environmental objectives
into key economic development processes.
uses the following definition of an nssd: ‘a strategic and participatory
process of analysis, debate, capacity strengthening, planning and action towards
sustainable development’ - in line with the clarification note endorsed
by the DAC High Level Meeting in May 1999 (DCD/DAC (99)11).
project is not promoting an nssd as a completely new planning process to be
conducted from the beginning. Rather, it is recognised that in an individual
country there will be a range of initiatives that may have been taken in response
to commitments entered into at the Rio Earth Summit (UNCED) or as part of commitments
to international treaties and conventions and that these may be regarded in
that country, individually or collectively, as the nssd. But the challenge is:
to gain clarification on what initiative(s) make up the nssd; and then to identify
what improvements need to be made to these initiatives – or developed between
them such as umbrella frameworks, systems for participation and national sustainable
development forums – so that they meet the definition of an nssd.
The DAC Working
Party on Development Cooperation and the Environment (WP/ENV) has mandated a
Task Force, co-led by the United Kingdom and the European Commission, to produce
guidance on best practice for assisting developing countries with the formulation
and implementation of nssd processes. A scoping workshop in November 1998 brought
together Task Force and developing country representatives to discuss the broad
directions for this work. The workshop recommended a systematic in-country consultation
with developing country partners in order to elaborate good practice for donors.
1999 meeting of the DAC WP/ENV endorsed the recommendation for informal consultations,
or ‘dialogues’, in a number of developing countries and regions, involving donors
and a range of stakeholders. The dialogues will review experience with nssds
and examine how donors can best assist developing countries in such processes.
As well as contributing to the production of generic guidance for donors, the
country/regional dialogues aim to make a concrete contribution to nssd processes
and donor coordination in the participating countries.
international understanding of the key challenges and modalities for developing
and implementing effective nssds.
good practices for donors in assisting developing countries with the formulation
and implementation of nssds.
the current bilateral donor response to developing country requests for
support of nssd processes.
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Five at a country level (in Bolivia, Tanzania, Nepal, Burkina Faso, and
Thailand) and one at regional level. Each of the dialogues will be implemented
by a local country or regional team. The dialogues will involve a status
review of strategic planning processes for sustainable development followed
by the dialogues themselves involving stakeholder consultations, workshops
to parallel strategy learning processes: The project will also
collaborate with and provide limited additional funding to learn from and
build on existing reflective and analytical work on strategic planning supported
by DAC members/observers in Ghana, Namibia Bangladesh and Pakistan.
workshops: There will be 3 workshops: an initial planning workshop,
a mid-term review workshop, and a final workshop. These will be attended
by representatives of the selected countries/region, donors, lead organisations
and resource persons on nssds.
and dissemination of outputs: An issues paper on nssds, a status report
and dialogue report for each country/region involved, and an overall synthesis
report will be published through IIED. A sourcebook (bringing together the
main issues and lessons from these reports) and guidelines for donors will
be published by the OECD DAC Secretariat.
coordination and technical support for the six dialogues: The Task Force
has engaged IIED to facilitate and coordinate at the international level
the implementation of the six dialogues and drawing lessons from two parallel
strategy learning processes. This will involve assistance for planning the
approach, tracking progress, reviewing and editing mid-term and final reports,
drawing out generic and country specific lessons, developing an initial
draft of DAC policy guidance and a draft sourcebook, and the provision of
networking, liaison and administrative support. IIED will also be responsible
for convening 3 workshops
1 (October 1999
- February 2000). Preparation: identification of lead teams (5 in-country
and 1 regional); securing commitment of government and key stakeholders in
country/region for dialogues; establishing Steering Committees in countries/regions;
preparation of an issues paper (by IIED) highlighting key nssd challenges;
establishment of a document collection on strategic planning; convening an
initial planning workshop, developing ToRs for the lead institutions and identifying
in-country/regional steering committees.
2 (March - April 2000). Status reviews: will be conducted by the lead
teams using a topic guide (to prompt discussion) developed by the DAC WP/ENV
Task Force. IIED will provide support for planning the approach for the status
reviews; reviewing and editing status reports; and information sharing on
emerging nature of dialogues.
3 (May - October 2000). Dialogues: This phase will commence with a mid-term
review workshop to consider the status reports and to plan and agree the nature
of the dialogues. On the basis of the lessons arising from Phase 2,
the final outputs of the initiative and mechanisms for their production and
dissemination will be further defined at this stage. A progress report will
be prepared and fed into the June 2000 meeting of the DAC WP/ENV.
will be organised by the lead teams, and will based mainly on stakeholder
consultations, and a 2/3-day round table attended by a wide range of stakeholders
and donors, possibly with feeder events.
4 (November 2000 - February 2001). Drafting of Guidance: involving synthesis
by IIED, in consultation with lead teams, of individual dialogue final reports
to prepare an overview report drawing out common themes and lessons. A final
workshop will review the results and develop an initial draft of policy guidance
and consider the possible contents and format of a sourcebook.
the project will develop and publish:
- An issues paper on
- 6 status reports
on strategic planning processes,
- 6 dialogue reports,
- A synthesis report
drawing out common lessons.
DAC, it will develop and publish policy guidance and a sourcebook.
outputs will include:
on round-tabling procedures,
of the initial planning, mid-term and final workshops,
- A reference
collection of nssd literature,
of existing nssd processes,
- The establishment
(where possible) of partnerships between donors and developing
countries for developing and implementing nssds